- AMARILLO, ḤAYYIM MOSES BEN SOLOMON
- AMARILLO, ḤAYYIM MOSES BEN SOLOMON (1695–1748), halakhic authority and preacher; brother of aaron amarillo . Born in Salonika, Ḥayyim Moses studied under his father Solomon, who before his death appointed him his successor as preacher in the Talmud Torah congregation. The community, however, opposed this appointment and on the death of Solomon they prevailed upon joseph david , author of Beit David, to accept the position. Ḥayyim Moses filled many posts in Salonika, teaching in his father's yeshivah and enacting local takkanot. With the outbreak of plague in 1724 he fled. In 1733 he was in Constantinople. Upon Joseph David's death in 1736, Ḥayyim Moses was appointed one of the three chief rabbis. Amarillo was a prolific writer and the following of his works have been published: 1) Devar Moshe in three parts (Salonika, 1742, 1743, 1750), responsa. The laws of divorce, which constituted sections of parts 1 and 3, were published as Simḥat Moshe (Leghorn, 1868); (2) Halakhah le-Moshe in two parts (Salonika, 1752), on the fourth book of Maimonides' Yad, Nashim. At the end of each chapter he gives a précis of the laws with explanations; (3) Yad Moshe (ibid., 1751), sermons. He also edited his father's books, Penei Shelomo (1717) and Kerem Shelomo (1719), and also wrote an introduction to the responsa, Edut be-Ya'akov (Salonika, 1720), of jacob di boton . -BIBLIOGRAPHY: D.A. Pipano, Shalshelet Rabbanei Saloniki ve-Rabbanei Sofia (1925), 7a; M.S. Molcho, Be-Veit ha-Almin shel Yehudei Saloniki, 2 (1932), 15; Rosanes, Togarmah, 5 (1938), 23–24; M. Benayahu, in: Aresheth, 1 (1958), 226; I.S. Emmanuel, Maẓẓevot Saloniki, 2 (1968), nos. 1445, 1517.
Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.
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AMARILLO, AARON BEN SOLOMON — (1700–1772), halakhic authority and kabbalist. Amarillo was born and spent his whole life in Salonika. He studied under David Serero, one of the great Salonikan halakhic authorities of his day. On the death of Isaac b. Shangi in 1761, he was… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
AMARILLO, SOLOMON BEN JOSEPH — (1645–1721), Salonikan halakhic authority and preacher, father of Aaron and … Encyclopedia of Judaism
BOTON, JACOB BEN ABRAHAM DI — (1635?–1687), halakhist. Jacob was born in Salonika and was a disciple of Ḥasdai ha Kohen Peraḥyah. His father, Abraham b. Jacob (b. c. 1610), grandson of abraham b. moses di boton , was also a disciple of Ḥasdai ha Kohen Peraḥyah and was… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
RESPONSA — (Heb. שְׁאֵלוֹת וּתְשׁוּבוֹת; lit. queries and replies ), a rabbinic term denoting an exchange of letters in which one party consults another on a halakhic matter. Such responsa are already mentioned in the Talmud, which tells of an inquiry… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
GATIGNO — GATIGNO, family of rabbis and scholars that first appeared in Spain and Portugal in the 14th century and settled in Turkey after the expulsion. Some consider the name to derive from the French province of Gatines. EN SOLOMON ASTRUC of Barcelona,… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
literature — /lit euhr euh cheuhr, choor , li treuh /, n. 1. writings in which expression and form, in connection with ideas of permanent and universal interest, are characteristic or essential features, as poetry, novels, history, biography, and essays. 2.… … Universalium